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As a result, someone assassinated the leader of the movement, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Many blacks were infuriated at this death so there were serious riots in almost cities. President Johnson then appointed a committee called The Kerner Commission to study the civil rights movement.

The Kerner Commission report has some truth when it comes to blacks and politics, but overall the movement was a success because blacks have achieved more politically than before they began. Before the movement, blacks had almost no political power due to laws designed to prevent blacks from voting, like poll taxes, literacy tests and the Grandfather Clause.

Due to lack of voting ability, no blacks were elected into office and therefore, blacks had no say in the government. Also, blacks were not allowed to serve on juries, yet they were almost always found guilty in court, even if the evidence was clearly against them. For example, years ago a boy in Georgia broke into a school to steal an ice cream. While he should have gotten a few hours of community service, he got three years in jail just because he was black.

A truth to the Kerner Commission report that occurs today is that blacks are not being represented in Congress proportionally. This is a failure because blacks should be proportionally represented because it is their right to have a sufficient say in government. However, the civil rights movement was more of a success because blacks got the vote.

Because of this new political power they have obtained, blacks have the ability to elect other blacks to represent them. There are over four times as many blacks in office today, than before the movement.

This helped the blacks because they could have a representative to speak for them. A few years ago, a black named David Dinkins was elected mayor of one of the largest cities in America, New York. In , Chrisam became the first black woman in the House of Representatives and in , a popular black leader, Jesse Jackson ran for president. All this is a success because one of their goals was to have political power and equal opportunity. A second reason why the civil rights movement was politically more of a success than a failure is due to the fact that blacks are better off in the courts than they were.

Now, blacks are allowed to serve on juries, and they are hardly ever discriminated in court as opposed to when the boy was over-sentenced for stealing an ice cream. For example, O. Simpson, who was accused of killing his wife, received a fair trial and was let off not-guilty. In the economic sense, the Kerner report has some truth today, but overall the civil rights movement was a huge success in this area because blacks are much better off today than they were before the movement.

There was no middle class for blacks, just a lower class.

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An economic failure of the movement is the amount of poor blacks that still exist. The children which are products of this particular type of segregation live in a poor neighborhood, go to a poor school, receive an inadequate education or drop-out so they then can only receive a bad job or no job at all. These people have children and the process starts all over again. This is a failure because it prevents blacks from advancing themselves in society.

However, the civil rights movement in this area is more of a success than a failure because of what can be achieved by blacks, their ability to obtain much more money than before the movement and not all blacks are in the cycle of poverty. For example, there is now a middle class of blacks which is a huge success because it shows that blacks are able to achieve the same things as whites, it sets a goal for poorer blacks and eventually more will grow into this class. Another example of an economic success is Affirmative Action.

This was a program made by the Federal Government which had to be used by companies with a past record of discrimination or companies who sought to do business with the Federal government.

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These two types of companies had to hire a certain percent of minorities. It was made to help minorities catch up with the whites in the business world. It is an attribute to the civil rights movement because it gave blacks jobs and opportunities. Socially, the Kerner Commission report is partly true today, but overall the civil rights movement was a success because blacks are much better off socially than they were before the movement began. Before the movement blacks and whites were segregated in every public place imaginable such as restaurants, buses and theaters.

Blacks were also forced to go to separate schools, and theirs were quite often the worse ones. One social failure of the civil rights movement that still exists today is Defacto segregation. That is segregation that exists, but is not required by law.


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It was originally caused when poor blacks moved into the urban areas, and the whites fled to the suburbs, or richer part of the cities. It hurts the blacks in that it caused a non-stop cycle of poverty. So after many years, public schools were integrated. This helped the blacks because it gave them equal opportunities, and it gave the blacks a chance to show that they were equal to whites.

A second social success was integration in all public places. This came about from the Civil Rights Act of , which was made after the government witnessed Dr. They also realized how unfair segregation by color was.

Major events of the Civil Rights Movement

They also boycotted and marched. The integration in public places helped the blacks and was a success because it got them equal rights which was one of their major goals. As stated above, there are a few truths to the Kerner Commission report today, but the successes of the civil rights movement outweigh the failures. While white workers and managers resisted integration, activists' efforts gradually secured a wider range of job opportunities for blacks.

Minchin shows, however, that the decline of manufacturing industry in the South has been especially difficult for the African American community, wiping out many good jobs just as blacks were gaining access to them. Minchin also offers a detailed discussion of a major school integration battle in Louisville, Kentucky, and examines the role of affirmative action in the ongoing black struggle. American workers, American unions : the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries by Robert H Zieger Book 4 editions published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide "Highly acclaimed and widely read since its first publication in , American Workers, American Unions provides a concise and compelling history of American workers and their unions in the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first.

Taking into account recent important work on the s and the Reagan revolution, the fourth edition newly considers the stagflation issue, the rise of globalization and big box retailing, the failure of Congress to pass legislation supporting the right of public employees to collective bargaining, the defeat in Congress of legislation to revise the National Labor Relations Act, the emasculation of the Humphrey-Hawkins Act, and the changing dynamics of blue-collar politics.

In addition to important new information on the s and s, the fourth edition contains a completely new final chapter. Largely written by Timothy J. Gilbert J.

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Gall presents new information on government workers and their recent battles to defend workplace rights. An extensive collection of bibliographical material will be made available online" Forging a common bond : labor and environmental activism during the BASF lockout by Timothy J Minchin Book 2 editions published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide He also documents how the union used workers' awareness of past environmental practices to disrupt the company's efforts to expand operations at the site.

Confronting decline : the political economy of deindustrialization in twentieth-century New England by David Koistinen Book 3 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide Focuses on Massachusetts textile industries to understand the process of deindustrialization and three common responses to it: cutbacks in regulation, federal intervention, and economic development. Film noir, American workers, and postwar Hollywood by Dennis Broe Book 3 editions published between and in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide "Ever since French critics began using the term film noir in the mids, a clear definition of the genre has remained elusive.

Though sometimes defined visually, there is more to film noir than meets the eye. This interdisciplinary examination argues for the central importance of class in the creation of film noir and demonstrates how the form itself came to fruition during one of the most active periods of working-class agitation and middle-class antagonism in American history.

This movement was congruent with postwar labor movements that were forced to use extralegal means because of the increasing pressure applied by new legislation such as the Taft-Hartley Act, which declared strikes to be illegal. At the same time, many unionists were driven out of the industries they helped to organize by the House Un-American Activities Committee.

It is during this period that noir became a lament, with protagonists moving further outside the law to seek justice and with these struggles written on their battered corpses at the end of the film. The constructed nature of the cold war and its lurch toward conservatism points to the war on terrorism and the struggles within and between global capital, class, race, and gender.

Florida's working-class past : current perspectives on labor, race, and gender from Spanish Florida to the new immigration Book 1 edition published in in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide Viewed from the perspective of the Florida peninsula, the essays in this collection explore the history of labor in the United States and Caribbean, highlighting the ways this view provides new insights into shifting race and ethnic relations, gender roles, class definitions, and human migration from the Spanish colonial period through the present day.

Florida provides a unique window onto the transformation of American labor over the past four centuries, underscoring the international and national developments that have shaped, and been shaped by, the lives of working men and women. Book jacket. Odense American studies international series. Federal policy and the racial integration of Southern industry, by Timothy J Minchin 1 edition published in in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide. Don't Sleep With Stevens!

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